0695 Muhammad bin Qasim, Syrian general (d. 715) was born on December - 31.
1378 On December - 31 birth of callistus III, [Alfonso the Borja], Pope (1455-58)
1378 On this day in history birth of pope Callixtus III (d. 1458)
1491 On December - 31 birth of jacques Cartier, French explorer (d. 1557)
1514 Andreas Vesalius, Brussels Belgium, anatomist (Fabrica) was born on December - 31.
1540 On December - 31 birth of silvio Antoniano, Italian cardinal/theologist (Tre libri)
1572 On December - 31 birth of emperor Go-Yozei of Japan, (d. 1617)
1668 On this day in history birth of hermannus Boerhaave, Dutch medical/botanist
0192 Death of Lucius AA Commodus, Emperor of Rome (180-192), murdered at 31 on December - 31.
0335 On December - 31 death of st. Silvester, Pope
0406 On December - 31 godagisel, king of the Vandals, dies in battle
0439 On December - 31 melania the Younger, Roman monastery founder/saint, dies at about 56
1164 On this day in history death of margrave Ottokar III of Styria (b. 1124)
1194 On this day in history death of duke Leopold V of Austria (killed at a tournament) (b. 1157)
1297 Death of Humphrey de Bohun, 3rd Earl of Hereford, English soldier (b. 1249) on this day in history.
1302 Death of Frederick III, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1238) on this day in history.