Tuesday, 22 January 2019
1849 James Francis invents a water turbine now used in many of the world's hydropower plants
1850 Henry Bessemer pioneers a new method of making steel in large quantities
1850 Louis Pasteur develops pasteurization: a way of preserving food by heating it to kill off bacteria
1850 Italian Giovanni Caselli develops a mechanical fax machine called the pantelegraph
1860 frenchman Étienne Lenoir and German Nikolaus Otto pioneer the internal combustion engine.
1860 james Clerk Maxwell figures out that radio waves must exist and sets out basic laws of electromagnetism.
1860 fire extinguishers are invented.
1861 elisha Graves Otis invents the elevator with built-in safety brake.
1862 Revolving machine gun was invented by Richard J. Gatling
1862 Mechanical submarine was invented by NarcĂs Monturiol i Estarriol
1866 dynamite was invented by Alfred Nobel
1867 Joseph Monier invents reinforced concrete
1868 christopher Latham Sholes invents the modern typewriter and QWERTY keyboard.
1869 margarine is produced.
1870 Stock ticker was invented by Thomas Alva Edison
1870 Thomas Edison develops the phonograph, the first practical method of recording and playing back sound on metal foil
1870 lester Pelton invents a useful new kind of water turbine known as a Pelton wheel.
1876 Gasoline carburettor was invented by Daimler
1876 Alexander Graham Bell patents the telephone, though the true ownership of the invention remains controversial even today
1876 Telephone patented
1877 phonograph was invented by Thomas Alva Edison
1877 microphone was invented by Emile Berliner
1877 thomas Edison invents his sound-recording machine or phonograph—a forerunner of the record player and CD player.
1877 edward Very invents the flare gun (Very pistol) for sending distress flares at sea.
1878 Cathode ray tube was invented by William Crookes
1879 mechanical pencil
1880 Photophone was invented by Alexander Graham Bell
1880 Thomas Edison patents the modern incandescent electric lamp
1880 Pierre and Paul-Jacques Curie discover the piezoelectric effect
1880 Thomas Edison opens the world's first power plants
1880 charles Chamberland invents the autoclave (steam sterilizing machine).
1880 charles and Julia Hall and Paul Heroult independently develop an affordable way of making aluminum.
1880 carrie Everson invents new ways of mining silver, gold, and copper.